The Maternity and Newborn Safety Investigations (MNSI) programme respects your privacy and is committed to protecting your personal data. This privacy notice will inform you as to how we look after your personal data and tell you about your privacy rights and how the law protects you.

MNSI has been part of an organisational transformation. Previously we were part of the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch (HSIB). As of 1 October 2023, the maternity investigations programme has moved and is now hosted by the Care Quality Commission (CQC). You can find the CQC privacy statement on their website.

Purpose of this privacy notice

This privacy notice aims to give you information on how MNSI collects and processes your personal data through your use of this website (regardless of where you visit it from), the exercise of our statutory functions or when you exercise certain rights under legislation.

This website is not intended for children and we do not knowingly collect data relating to children except as part of investigations.

It is important that you read this privacy notice together with any other privacy notice or fair processing notice we may provide on specific occasions when we are collecting or processing personal data about you so that you are fully aware of how and why we are using your data. This privacy notice supplements the other notices and is not intended to override them.


The Maternity and Newborn Safety Investigations (MNSI) programme was set up under the Care Quality Commission (maternity and Newborn Safety Investigation Programme) Directions 2023 to carry out safety investigations into maternity incidents and maternal deaths in England. The programme was previously part of NHS England working under 2018 and 2022 Directions but is now hosted by the Care Quality Commission (CQC). CQC is the controller with legal responsibility under data protection law, but we maintain our independence both in the conduct and the reporting of our investigations.

MNSI is governed by UK law and as such is subject to the UK General Data Protection Regulation (UK GDPR) and the Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA) as well as other relevant legislation of England.

Our Data Protection Officer is Nimali De Silva who is responsible for overseeing questions in relation to this privacy notice. If you have any questions about this privacy notice, please email

Our Data Protection Officer can be contacted at

You have the right to make a complaint at any time to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), the UK supervisory authority for data protection issues. We would, however, advise you to contact us in the first instance to discuss your concerns before you approach the ICO, so please email in the first instance.

The data we collect about you

Personal data, or personal information, means any information about an individual from which that person can be identified. It does not include data where the identity has been removed (anonymous data).

We may collect, use, store and transfer different kinds of personal data about you which we have grouped together as follows:

  • Identity Data includes first name, maiden name, last name, username or similar identifier, marital status, title, date of birth and gender. Identity Data may be shared by NHS Resolution as part of the Early Notification Scheme.
  • Contact Data includes, but is not limited to, email, postal address and telephone numbers.
  • Health Data includes information received by MNSI in the form of health records, ambulance and 111 transcripts shared with MNSI. Information received relating to patient safety incidents recorded via the Safety Awareness Notification (SAN) form. Whistleblowing and complaints received from members of the public and parliamentary questions. Internal investigations due to complaints or internal whistleblowing. Information relating to staff at MNSI.
  • Recruitment Data includes items of personal information such as your name, date of birth, address, qualifications, references and potentially special categories of data such as occupation health data (if provided) and disclosure and barring service self-declaration form details.
  • Special Categories of Personal Data (non-health) includes information about disability, race or ethnicity, religious or philosophical beliefs, sexual orientation or information about political opinions. It is collected to fulfil our statutory and legal requirements in investigations, the recruitment and appointment of subject matter advisors and MNSI staff through which we monitor their capacity, capability and diversity.
  • Other personal data which does not fall within any of these categories (such as employment status and contract type, criminal convictions and offences or bank details) is held to fulfil our recruitment function. This includes information and correspondence related to recruitment and appraisal, performance and development information for those who have either applied for roles that we advertise, have expressed an interest in applying for these roles or who have been appointed. During investigations we carry out under our functions we may process other personal data from staff HR training records.

How we use your personal data

We will only use your personal data when the law allows us to. Most commonly, we will use your personal data in the following circumstances:

  • Where we need to perform the contract we are about to enter into or have entered into with you.
  • Where it is necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the MNSI or CQC
  • Where we have your consent/explicit consent.
  • Where we need to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation for the purposes of recruitment and selection and where it is necessary to enter into a contract with you.

The national data opt-out allows people to opt out of their confidential information being used for research and planning. You can read more about it on the NHS.UK website.

Purposes for which we will use your personal data

We have set out below a description of all the ways we plan to use your personal data, and the legal basis we rely on to do so.

Purpose/activity Type of data Lawful basis for processing including basis of legitimate interest
To investigate qualifying maternity and newborn safety incidents under the Directions 2023. (a) Identity
(b) Special categories
(c) Health data
(d) Special category data
(e) Other personal data
Explicit consent.

Necessary for reasons for substantial public interest.

Necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the MNSI.

Necessary for the management of health or social care systems and services - health and social care purpose.
To deliver relevant website content and measure or understand the effectiveness of website or services. (a) Identity
(b) Contact
Necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest.
To respond to a request under the Freedom of Information Act, enquiries, the Data Protection Act, or the General Data Protection Regulation. (a) Identity
(b) Contact
(c) Special categories
Comply with a legal or regulatory obligation.
To investigate and respond to a complaint (including whistleblowing). (a) Identity
(b) Contact
(c) Special categories
Necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the MNSI.

Necessary for the management of health or social care systems and services - health and social care purposes.
To recruit, appoint, appraise and develop our staff. (a) Identity
(b) Contact
(c) Special categories
(d) Other personal data related to recruitment and development
Necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the MNSI or the CQC.

Necessary for the management of health or social care systems and services - health and social care purposes.
To engage and contract with Subject Matter Advisors. To maintain a register of Subject Matter Advisors. (a) Identity
(b) Contact
(c) Recruitment
(d) Special category
Necessary for the performance of a task to be carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the MNSI.
To create/manage mailing lists, email alerts and newsletters. (a) Identity
(b) Contact

Your duty to inform us of changes

It is important that the personal data we hold about you is accurate and current. Please keep us informed if your personal data changes (for example your email address) during your relationship with us.

This website may include links to third-party websites, plug-ins and applications. Clicking on those links or enabling those connections may allow third parties to collect or share data about you. We do not control these third-party websites and are not responsible for their privacy statements. When you leave our website, we encourage you to read the privacy notice of every website you visit.


Cookies are small pieces of text sent to your browser by a website you visit. They help that website remember information about your visit, which can both make it easier to visit the site again and make the site more useful to you. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience whilst using this website. By continuing without changing your settings, we will accept your consent to receive these cookies. However, if you wish to, you can change your browser settings to block or remove cookies at any time.

Cookies are small information files that are placed on your device. When we provide services, we want to make them easy, useful and reliable. Cookies help us to do this. The cookies we use identify you only as a number and cannot be used to identify you personally.

We use cookies to:

  • Measure how many people are using our website, so we can make it easier and faster to use.
  • Analyse data, anonymously, to help us understand how people interact with our website.

The only cookies used on our website are for anonymous analysis of your visit to the site using the Google Analytics service and a cross-site request forgery respectively. These are third party cookies and are not tracked across multiple sites.

Google Analytics is used for the anonymous tracking of your use of this site. This cookie is used to store information such as when you visited the site, information about what pages you visit and whether you have been to the site before. It measures numbers and volumes of visitors to make sure users’ needs are met and to understand how our website could be better. There is no personally identifiable information contained within this cookie, but it will use your computer's IP address to determine your geographical location. We do not collect or store your personal information and we do not allow Google to use or share our analytics data.

If you wish to restrict or block the cookies which are set by our websites, or any other website, you can do this through your browser settings. The ‘help’ function within your browser should tell you how. Alternatively, you may wish to visit the About Cookies website, which contains comprehensive information on how to do this on a wide variety of browsers. You will also find details on how to delete cookies from your machine as well as more general information about cookies.

If you do not wish for us to anonymously track your visit through Google Analytics, Google publishes a Google Analytics opt-out browser add-on that allows you to choose for this information to not be recorded.

Change of purpose

We will only use your personal data for the purposes for which we collected it, unless we reasonably consider that we need to use it for another reason and that reason is compatible with the original purpose. If you wish to get an explanation as to how the processing for the new purpose is compatible with the original purpose, please contact us at

If we need to use your personal data for an unrelated purpose, we will notify you and we will explain the legal basis which allows us to do so or obtain your consent.

Please note that we may process your personal data without your knowledge or consent, in compliance with the above rules, where this is required by law.

Disclosures of your personal data

We will not sell your data and we will use it only for the purposes of an MNSI investigation or staff recruitment and management. If required by UK law, for example, high court order, commission of criminal offence or serious risk to patient safety we will release the minimum information that has been requested or is required; if appropriate we will inform you prior to releasing any information that you have provided to us unless this is not permitted by UK law e.g., Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 etc.

We may share your personal data with other NHS bodies in responding to a complaint or whistleblowing case about an NHS trust or NHS foundation trust.

In some cases, we may be required to share personal data with colleagues within CQC for the use in carrying out CQC’s role as the health and social care regulator. CQC has legal powers to access and use confidential personal information (including health records) for this purpose. Where this happens, MNSI/CQC will process the data in accordance with lawful bases under Articles 6(1)(e) and 9(2)(h)and(i) of GDPR. If this is the case, your right to ask CQC to delete your data may be restricted. You can find more information about how CQC processes and protects personal data at

For the purposes of recruitment, personal data may be shared between us and other relevant organisation including but not limited to CQC, to enable your application for roles to be considered.

We use NHS Business Services Authority for the purposes of recruitment and where you have applied for a job with MNSI, they will process your data on our behalf.

We contract with govDelivery via the CQC to manage our mailing lists, email alerts and newsletters.

When we contract with third parties, we provide them with personal information to enable them to carry out work for us, we ensure that they are supplied with only the appropriate amount of personal information, that it is used only in accordance with our instructions, and that there are suitable security arrangements in place.

Data security

We hold your data in encrypted laptops and stored securely on our systems which are housed in the United Kingdom (UK) and European Economic Area (EEA). The systems are held in Microsoft data centres that meet international security standards. Appropriate security measures are in place to prevent your personal data from being accidentally lost, used or accessed in an unauthorised way, altered or disclosed.

We limit access to your personal data to those employees, agents, contractors and other third parties who have a business need to know. They will only process your personal data on our instructions and they are subject to a duty of confidentiality.

We have put in place procedures to deal with any suspected personal data breach and will notify you and any applicable regulator of a breach where we are legally required to do so.

Data retention

We will only retain your personal data for as long as necessary to fulfil the purposes we collected it for, including for the purposes of satisfying any legal, accounting, or reporting requirements.

To determine the appropriate retention period for personal data, the amount, nature, and sensitivity of the personal data, the potential risk of harm from unauthorised use or disclosure of your personal data, the purposes for which we process your personal data and whether we can achieve those purposes through other means, and the applicable legal requirements have been considered.

Most records held by MNSI will be kept for the duration specified by national guidance from the Department of Health and Social Care found in the Records Management Code of Practice for Health and Social Care 2016, supplemented by the CQC’s retention schedule.

All records created during the course of a maternity investigation that do not replace the trust’s Serious Incident investigation of maternal deaths, late and intrapartum stillbirths and unexpected neonatal deaths shall be kept for a period of 90 days after the publication of the final report. After 90 days records will be deleted from the MNSI system. The final purge of records will be complete after 120 days from the date of deletion.

In some circumstances you can ask us to delete your data: see 'request erasure' below for further information.

Under certain circumstances, you have rights under data protection laws in relation to your personal data.

Request access

Request access to your personal data (commonly known as a subject access request). This enables you to receive a copy of the personal data we hold about you and to check that we are lawfully processing it.

Request correction

Request correction of the personal data that we hold about you. This enables you to have any incomplete or inaccurate data we hold about you corrected, though we may need to verify the accuracy of the new data you provide to us.

Request erasure

Request erasure of your personal data. This enables you to ask us to delete or remove personal data where there is no good reason for us continuing to process it. You also have the right to ask us to delete or remove your personal data where you have successfully exercised your right to object to processing (see below), where we may have processed your information unlawfully or where we are required to erase your personal data to comply with local law. Note, however, that we may not always be able to comply with your request of erasure for specific legal reasons which will be notified to you, if applicable, at the time of your request.

Object to processing

Object to processing of your personal data where we are relying on a legitimate interest (or those of a third party) and there is something about your situation which makes you want to object to processing on this ground as you feel it impacts on your fundamental rights and freedoms. In some cases, we may demonstrate that we have compelling legitimate grounds to process your information which override your rights and freedoms.

Request restriction of processing

Request restriction of processing of your personal data. This enables you to ask us to suspend the processing of your personal data in the following scenarios: (a) if you want us to establish the data’s accuracy; (b) where our use of the data is unlawful but you do not want us to erase it; (c) where you need us to hold the data even if we no longer require it as you need it to establish, exercise or defend legal claims; or (d) you have objected to our use of your data but we need to verify whether we have overriding legitimate grounds to use it.

If you wish to exercise any of the rights set out above, please contact us at

Withdraw consent at any time where we are relying on consent to process your personal data. However, this will not affect the lawfulness of any processing carried out before you withdraw your consent. If you withdraw your consent, we may not be able to provide certain services to you. We will advise you if this is the case at the time you withdraw your consent. Withdrawing consent to be interviewed/take part in an investigation may mean the investigation will continue, but your input will be considered withdrawn. This does not apply to staff/employees of health providers as we do not rely on consent to interview you. You will be guided as to what your consent withdrawal means should you wish to change your participation/withdraw consent. It may not mean our investigation stops.

If you wish to exercise this right set out above, please contact us at

Please note that we do not require you (whether under statute or contract) to provide personal data and we do not make use of automated decision making in relation to personal data. If this changes, we will let you know.

MNSI complies with the national data opt-out, for more information please see the NHS.UK website.

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